INTERNET, E-COMMERCE AND E-GOVERNMENT:
MEASURING THE GAP BETWEEN EUROPEAN
DEVELOPED AND POST-COMMUNIST COUNTRIES
Jovana ZorojaDepartment of Informatics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb
Received: 7. October 2011. Accepted: 18. October 2011.
The paper analyses the extent to which information technology is used in European developed and post-communist countries. Indicators
such as internet usage, e-commerce and e-government are used to measure the gap between European developed and post-communist countries. Special focus is given to the
analysis of the difference in the level of education of male and female inhabitants who use internet, e-commerce and e-government services in European developed and
The main two assumptions of this paper are: (1) usage of information technology in three important areas: internet usage, e-commerce and e-government is lower in European post-communist countries than in developed countries and (2) male users with high level of education use information technology more than female users in European developed and post-communist countries. Lower usage and lower investments in information technology and also low level of education could be significant barriers towards further economic development of European post-communist countries.
Data from European Statistics Database, section Information Society Statistics, were used during research for this paper.
Internet usage, e-commerce, e-government, gender, European developed and post-communist countries, level of education
ACM: [J8] Internet Applications
JEL: O33, I25
Full paper as pdf version.