OPTIMAL PROCESSES IN IRREVERSIBLE THERMODYNAMICS
Anatoly M. Tsirlin and Vladimir A. KazakovProgram System Institute, Russian Academy of Science
Presented at CSNSS'03.
This paper describes general methodology that allows one to extend Carnot efficiency of classical thermodynamic for zero rate processes onto thermodynamic systems with finite rate. We define the class of minimal dissipation processes and show that it represents generalization of reversible processes and determines the limiting possibilities of finite rate systems. The described methodology is then applied to microeconomic exchange systems yielding novel estimates of limiting efficiencies for such systems.
finite-time thermodynamics, minimal dissipation process, optimal exchange processes in microeconomics
Full paper as pdf version.