András Katona1 and
Ibrahim Barrak2

1Hillside Dental
  Sopron, Hungary

2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - University of Szeged
  Szeged, Hungary

INDECS 14(1), 101-115, 2016
DOI 10.7906/indecs.14.1.10
Full text available here.

Received: 30 October 2015.
Accepted: 5 January 20116.
Regular article


This article briefly presents the classification, and possible ways of application of composites. Our objective was to compare three different restoration technique in class II cavity preparations, with the aim to determine which technique is the most advantageous in practical point of view. Artificial teeth fabricated from self-curing acrylic resin were used as models. Comparison of marginal sealing was performed macroscopically via direct visual inspection and via tactile control. Two parameters were examined on esthetic evaluation, which were the anatomical shape and the optical appearance. The time required to prepare the restorations were also measured. After the evaluation of the results, the bulk-fill technique was demonstrated to require the shortest time to be performed. This was followed by the oblique (Z) technique, whereas the horizontal incremental technique appeared to be the most time-consuming method. Based on the esthetic evaluation, a remarkable difference can be observed between the bulk-fill technique and the other two incremental techniques, while the mean scores for the oblique and the horizontal techniques were comparable. Based on the results of the visual inspection and instrumental examination, there were no differences in terms of marginal sealing between the three applied methods. Based on these, the use of the appropriate incremental technique can reduce the development of secondary caries and increasing the longevity of composite restorations.


direct restorations, operative dentistry, resin-based composite


JEL: Z19

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Last modified: 20 June 2016.