Slaven Smojver ORCID logo

Croatian National Bank
Zagreb, Croatia

INDECS 14(3), 277-295, 2016
DOI 10.7906/indecs.14.3.1
Full text available here.

Received: 31 January 2016.
Accepted: 31 May 2016.
Regular article


Ever increasing scope and complexity of regulations and other rules that govern human society emphasise importance of the inspection of compliance to those rules. Often-used approaches to the inspection of compliance suffer from drawbacks such as overly idealistic assumptions and narrowness of application. Specifically, inspection models are frequently limited to situations where inspected entity has to comply with only one rule. Furthermore, inspection strategies regularly overlook some useful and available information such as varying costs of compliance to different rules.
This article presents an agent-based model for inspection of compliance to many rules, which addresses abovementioned drawbacks. In the article, crime economic, game-theoretic and agent-based modelling approaches to inspection are briefly described, as well as their impact on the model. The model is described and simulation of a simplified version of the model is presented. The obtained results demonstrate that inspection strategies which take into account rules' compliance costs perform significantly better than random strategies and better than cycle-based strategies. Additionally, the results encourage further, wider testing and validation of the model.


ICARUS, compliance inspection, agent-based model, multi-agent system, compliance costs


JEL: K42, C63, C72, C73, D81, D83

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Last modified: 20 June 2016.